Wildlife Feeding Tips

Feeding tips

  • Supply ample clean water in shallow troughs; game species are sensitive to any changes in water quality

  • Provide free access to high quality palatable grass hay or lucerne or a combination of both, dependent on the game species feeding habits as classified in this brochure

  • Ensure a gradual introduction of Epol Game Feeds over a 2 to 3 week period

  • Epol Game Feeds should be initially mixed with chopped hay/lucerne/combination and finally, when eaten readily fed separately with free access to hay/lucerne/combination

  • Epol Game Feeds should never exceed 40% of the daily feed intake. Make sure dominant and aggressive animals don’t over-consume

  • Ensure that there is enough feeding space (buckets/trough length) for animals

  • Supplementation of natural pasture or to attract game to observation points should not exceed 1% of the body weight to avoid substitution of the natural pasture

  • Supplementation in captivity should not exceed 1 to 1.5% of body weight to avoid acidosis

  • Supplementation in late winter should not exceed 1 to 1.5% of body weight, and additional grass hay/lucerne would also be required dependent on the amount of natural pasture available

  • Epol Game Feeds should be fed at 1.5% of body weight to lactating game species in captivity

  • Mineral supplementation should occur throughout the year in the form of salt/mineral licks

  • Game species that are under social, environmental or nutritional stress succumb to parasite infestation; medication with anthelmintics should form part of the management strategy

Additional feeding recommendations

Hunter Cubes contain additional flavourants and palatants in order to attract game species to the feeding area. Use these cubes for supplementation of natural pasture in order to observe game for management or viewing purposes. Hunter Cubes are also useful if you want game species to move out of a particular habitat that has been over utilised and needs to recuperate.

Feeding older animals

The Grazer Cube is also available in a meal form for older animals and to stimulate feed intake in young animals still feeding from their mothers.

The perfect balance

In their natural environment wild species have little need for supplementary feeding as their free ranging habits enable them to pursue more nutritious grazing and therefore satisfy their requirements. With the advent of game farming, wild animals have been confined to limited areas and this has necessitated some form of supplementary feeding. In the case of boma-fed animals their total feed requirements have to be met.With the exception of zebra, elephants, rhinoceroses, hippopotamuses, bushpigs and warthogs, the larger herbivorous game are classified as ruminants. Game species would (in the habitat to which they are adapted) select a diet with a digestibility in accordance with their feeding habits and are thus classified accordingly: Namely concentrate selectors, browser, intermediate feeders and bulk grazers.

This article thanks to Epol